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Fereuungulata > Cetartiodactyla > Artiofabula > Cetruminantia > Whippomorpha > Cetacea > Mysticeti > Balaenoidea > Balaenidae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balaena

Balaenidae

 

 

 

 

Eubalaena

 

 

 

 

Familia Balaenidae Gray, 1821 (Familie Glattwale):

-          4 Arten

 

Genus Balaena Linnaeus, 1758 (Gattung Grönlandwale):

-          1 Art

 

Genus Eubalaena Gray, 1864 (Gattung Eigentliche Glattwale):          

-          3 Arten

 

 

 

Cetartiodactyla > Artiofabula > Cetruminantia > Whippomorpha > Cetacea > Mysticeti > Balaenoidea > Balaenidae > Balaena

 

 

Balaena

 

Balaena mysticetus

 

 

Genus Balaena Linnaeus, 1758 (Gattung Grönlandwale):

-          1 Art

 

            Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758 (Grönlandwal/Bowhead Whale):

-          Bestand: nicht gefährdet; ca. 24.000 Tiere; Population Okhtosk-See stark gefährdet; ca. 300 Tiere; Population Spitzbergen vom Aussterben bedroht; ca. 20 Tiere

 

 

 

Cetartiodactyla > Artiofabula > Cetruminantia > Whippomorpha > Cetacea > Mysticeti > Balaenoidea > Balaenidae > Eubalaena

 

 

 

 

 

Eubalaena australis

Eubalaena

 

 

 

 

Eubalaena glacialis

 

 

 

 

 

Eubalaena japonica

 

 

 

 

 

Genus Eubalaena Gray, 1864 (Gattung Eigentliche Glattwale):          

-          3 Arten

 

            Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822) (Südkaper/Southern Right Whale):

-          Bestand: nicht gefährdet; ca. 7.500 Tiere; Population vor Peru/Chile vom Aussterben bedroht; ca. 20 Tiere

           

            Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776) (Atlantischer Nordkaper/North Atlantic Right Whale):

-          Bestand: stark gefährdet; ca. 490 Tiere

 

            Eubalaena japonica (Lacépède, 1818) (Pazifischer Nordkaper/North Pacific Right Whale):

-          Bestand: stark gefährdet; ca. 900 Tiere; Population im Nordost-Pazifik vom Aussterben bedroht; ca. 20 Tiere

 

 

 

Referenzen:

1)      Agnarsson, I. & May-Collado, L. J. (2008). The phylogeny of Cetartiodactyla: the importance of dense taxon sampling, missing data, and the remarkable promise of cytochrombe b to provide reliable species-level phylogenies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48 (): 964-985.

2)      Brown, D. M., Brenneman, R. A., Koepfli, K.-P., Pollinger, J. P., Milá, B., Georgiadis, N. J., Louis Jr., E. E., Grether, G. F., Jacobs, D. K. & Wayne, R. K. (2007). Extensive population genetic structure in the giraffe. BMC Biology 5 (57): 1-13.

3)      Decker, J. E., Pires, J. C., Conant, G. C., McKay, S. D., Heaton, M. P., Chen, K., Cooper, A., Vilkki, J., Seabury, C. M., Caetano, A. R., Johnson, G. S., Brenneman, R. A., Hanotte, O., Eggert, L. S., Wiener, P., K. J.-J., Kim, K. S., Sonstegard, T. S., Tassell, C. P., Neibergs, H. L., McEwan, J. C., Brauning, R., Coutinho, L. L., Babar, M. E., Wilson, G. A., McClure, M. C., Rolf, M. M., Kim, JW., Schnabel, R. D. & Taylor, J. F. (2009). Resolving the evolution of extant and extinct ruminants with high-troughput phylogenomics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (44): 18644-18649.

4)      Fordyce, R. E. & Marx, F. G. (2013). The pygmy right whale Caperea marginata: the last of the cetotheres. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280 (1753): 20122645.

5)      Hassanin, A. & Douery, E. J. P. (2003). Molecular and morphological phylogenies of Ruminantia and the alternative position of the Moschidae. Systematic Biology 52 (2): 206-228.

6)      Hassanin, A., Ropiquet, A., Gourmand, A.-L., Chardonnet, B. & Rigoulet, J. (2007). Mitochondrial DNA variability in Giraffa camelopardalis: consequences for taxonomy, phylogeography and conservation of giraffes in West and Central Africa. Comptes Rendus Biologies 330 (3):265-274.

7)      Hernández-Fernández, M. & Vrba, E. S. (2005). A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants. Biological Reviews 80 (2): 269-302

8)      Huebinger, R. M., Pierson, D. J., de Maar, T. W., Brown, D. M., Brenneman, R. A. & Louis Jr., E. E. (2002). Characterization of 16 microsatellite marker loci in the Massai giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis tippelskirchi). Molecular Ecology Notes 2 (4): 531-533.

9)      Meester, J. & Setzer, H. W. (1971). The Mammals of Africaan Identification Manual. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

10)  Moodley, Y & Bruford, M. W. (2008). Molecular biogeography: towards an integrated framework for conserving Pan-African biodiversity. PLOS one 2 (5): 1-9.

11)  Price, S. A., Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. & Gittleman, J. L. (2005). A complete phylogeny of the whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals (Cetartiodactyla). Biological Reviews 80 (3): 445-473.

12)  Prothero, D. R. & Foss, S. E. (2007). The evolution of Artiodactyls. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

13)  Ropiquet, A., Li, B. & Hassanin, A. (2009). SuperTRI: A new approach based on branch support analyses of multiple independent data sets for assessing reliability of phylogenetic inferences. Comptes Rendus Biologies 332 (9): 832-847.

14)  Wilson, D. E. & Mittermeier, R. A. (2014). Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 4 Sea Mammals. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

 

 

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